-- Updated December 31, 2020 --

Welcome to Dr. Sterling's Mental Wellness Web Site!

    Mental Wellness was a division of, a well-known Internet Mental Health Center created and maintained by Ron Sterling, M.D., from 2000 to 2020. It was updated regularly until 2012, when Dr. Sterling decided to commit most of his time for advocacy and teaching to the publication and updating of his ground-breaking book on what is currently called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

    Much of is being deleted. What will remain is relevant material to the history of the site and Dr. Sterling's former mission and projects. In addition, it will be used as a portfolio sample. The mission of this part of was to provide information and resources for understanding mental wellness. Dr. Sterling starts this page with an answer to a reader question about mental wellness.

Pumping Up Mental Wellness

    Dear Dr. Sterling:

      I have a simple request. Could you tell me and your readers more about mental wellness? I notice that most of the questions you have answered have been about a particular problem or illness. I would like to know how people stay mentally well? Are there principles of mental wellness? Signed: Wondering About Wellness in Wallingford.

    Dear Wondering:

      Thank you for writing! You have brought up an excellent topic. Although "mental wellness" is a very complex subject, I think there are some well-established principles that can be discussed even in a short article.

      It is important to keep in mind that no one is perfectly mentally well and no one is completely mentally ill. Each of us is a mixture of illness and wellness. We all have different "hot buttons." What might depress or upset one person may not affect the next person. In addition, we all have different "breaking" or "burn-out" points. The best questions we can ask ourselves are "What factors and skills lead to a healthier state of mind?" and "What are our weaknesses and strengths?"

      Our baseline mental wellness is determined mostly by our biology. If we are not challenged by genetic or other brain or body abnormalities, we may have an easier time achieving a healthier mental state. However, even if we are affected by biological circumstances beyond our control, we can still develop skills and utilize psychological tools that will help us maximize our potential for enjoying life and reaching goals.

      The factors that will help any of us achieve healthier states of mind are self-appreciation, resilience (optimism, perspective, meaning, humor), affiliation, negotiation, curiosity, exercise and leisure activities (reading, board games, playing musical instruments, and dancing). In fact, if we each made a list of our shortcomings in these areas and worked on them proactively, we would each "pump up our mental wellness power" significantly.

      Self-appreciation is the ability to not just notice what is wrong with us, but to also notice what is right with us and to appreciate our strengths. Resilience is the ability to deal with and recover from hardship, misfortune, change and shock. The qualities that allow for resilience are optimism, a sense of perspective (seeing the big picture), believing that there is a positive meaning to life, and the ability to laugh at some of the tricks that life plays on us.

      Affiliation is the ability to allow ourselves to get close to other people and negotiate give-and-take alliances and friendships and build mutually-supportive social networks. Negotiation is the ability to see that we may not have all the answers and to allow ourselves to learn from others and alter our beliefs based on new data and information.

      Exercise, curiosity, and leisure activities have a lot in common, but they are distinct tools and skills that have each been proven to enhance mental wellness. Research has consistently shown that physical exercise protects against depression and that "leisure activities" such as reading, playing board games or musical instruments, and dancing enhance brain functioning and decrease the risk of dementia.

      Each and every one of these skills that can increase our mental wellness power can be developed and enhanced by appropriate learning programs and exercises. We now know that no matter how old we are our brain is capable of a certain amount of repairing itself and creating new neurons and new circuits. -- Best wishes, Dr. Sterling.

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The Five Factors of Mental Wellness.

    Our individual biology and the brain structure that we were born with and which develops as we age may be the only limiting factor in how far we can pump up our mental wellness, but within each of our individual structural limitations, there is room to improve our mental fitness. It is not unlike the limitations we each have for how fast we can run or walk or move in some other fashion. We all start with a different body, but we all can learn the skills for quicker movement.

    The five factors that I feel are involved in the equation of mental wellness are noted below. You will find links to pages devoted to each factor.

    Resiliency researchers and experts might say that resilience is the overriding characteristic which predicts how well we handle challenges to our physical or mental health. In my opinion, no single strength or weakness, on its own, predicts what may happen. For instance, a person with limited resilience may have great affiliation skills and their network of mutual support may get them through some hard times just as well as someone with greater resilience but who has less of a network of mutual support. So, the equation for mental wellness is:

      Mental Wellness = self-appreciation + resilience + affiliation + negotiation + mental and physical exercise.

    In my mind, the issue for each of us is where do we stand with respect to each factor and do we want to pump up our mental wellness or not? Each of us has that choice. So, to help you kick start your assessment of your strengths and weaknesses and to help pump your wellness up, I offer the following pages and links for your consideration.

    Click on the following links to go to pages which are devoted to each of the five mental wellness factors. Links to general mental wellness resources are further down this page.

      Self-Appreciation -- the ability to assess both our strengths and weaknesses and to appreciate our unique and individual contributions.
      Resilience -- the ability to deal with, recover from, overcome or "bounce forward" from hardship, misfortune, change or shock.
      Affiliation -- the ability to allow ourselves to get close to other people and negotiate give-and-take alliances and friendships and build mutually supportive social networks.
      Negotiation -- the ability to see that we may not have all the answers and to allow ourselves to learn from others, from experience, and alter our beliefs based on new data.
      Mental and Physical Exercise -- exercising our brain and our body.

General Mental Wellness Resources.

    There are not many general mental wellness resources on the Internet. It appears that the reason for this is that "mental wellness" has been used primarily as a "catch-all" phrase to indicate "preventive" processes and strategies. In fact, the phrase "mental wellness" is so new and so undefined that if you do a search at the National Institute of Mental Health Web site you will not find a reference for mental wellness.

    Mental wellness is not just about stress management techniques, although how you handle stress could be called resilience. Mental wellness is a condition related to how well we have developed and utilize the five different mental wellness factors noted above.

    Here are a few links to general mental wellness Web sites:

How Does Stress Produce Depression?

    Dr. Sterling has written several articles on many aspects of depression, including the neurobiology of depression and how stress produces major depression. You can read most of those articles by visiting our All About Depression web page.

The Fight-or-Flight and the Relaxation Response.

Interpersonal Forgiveness and Mental Wellness.

    Please go to our All About Forgiveness Web page to view links to information, articles, organizations and individuals dedicated to helping us understand the power and the psychological principles of the process of interpersonal forgiveness. Recent research has helped us focus on how forgiveness can contribute to our mental wellness.

Seeking Answers to General Questions About Mental Health Care?

    Psych Answers is the Web site where Dr. Sterling posts links and answers to questions about mental health, psychiatry and psychotherapy.

Thank You for Stopping By!

            -- Best wishes, Dr. Sterling

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